Wayanad – the green paradise – the border world of greener part of Kerala. Clean and pristine, enchanting and hypnotising this land has a history and mystery, culture and social epistemology yet to be discovered. Located at a distance about 76 km. from the sea shores of Calicut in the Western Ghats, this station is full of plantations, forests and wildlife. Wayanad hills are contiguous to Mudumala in Tamil Nadu and Bandhipur in Karnataka, thus forming a vast land mass for the wild life to move about in its most natural abode.
Wayanad is the most beautiful place of god’s own land. It is really the natures wonder land with its exotic legends, mysterious mountains, caves, landscapes, non negligible scenic beauty and aesthetic value. This land nestled among the mountains of Western Ghats and fondled by the peaks. Wayanad is one of the few districts in Kerala that has been able to retain its pristine nature. The very first pre- historic engravings in Kerala were discovered here leaving the evidence of new Stone Age civilization Its prime glory is the majestic Western Ghats with magnificent forest and plantations. This north eastern part of the state lies at the height of 900 to 1200m above sea level. Misty hills, lush forest and pleasant atmosphere make Wayanad an unforgettable holiday destination. Wayanad is often called the Green Paradise of God’s own country-Kerala. It’s a hill station district in the northern part of Kerala; with mist cladded peaks and green paddy fields. The place is famous for its scenic beauty, wildlife and traditional folk.
Wayanad has a salubrious climate. The mean average rainfall in this district is 2322. m.m. Lakkidi, Vythiri and Meppadi are the high rainfall areas in Wayanad. Annual rain falls in these high rainfall areas ranges from 3000 to 4000 m.m. High velocity winds are common during the southwest monsoon and dry winds blow in March-April. High altitude regions experience severe cold. In Wayanad (Ambalavayal) the mean maximum and minimum temperature for the last five years were 29°Cand 18°C respectively. This place experiences a high relative humidity, which goes even up to 95 per cent during the Southwest monsoon period. Generally the year is classified in four seasons, namely, cold weather (December- February),hot weather(March-May),Southwest monsoon (June-September)and Northeast monsoon (October-November) .The dale,“Lakkidi’, nestled among the hills of Vythiri taluk has the highest average rainfall in Kerala. The average rainfall in Wayanad is 300 m.m. per year. There is a decreasing trend in rainfall in this area. The average rainfall data shows that the lowest rainfall received from northeast monsoon is in Wayanad district.
Wayanad is accessible from all parts of Kerala, Karnataka and Tamilnadu by road. The nearest railway station is at Kozhikode – 84 Kilometers from Kalpetta. Nearest Airport : International Airport –Kozhikode (Calicut)- 104 Kilometers from Kalpetta Landmark/Directions : NH 212 is the National Highway connecting Mysore & Calicut. Karapuzha Village Resort is just six kilometers away from the NH 212.
Edakkal caves, a fascinating Neolithic cave site is assumed to be inhabited at various stages of history. Etchings found on the walls of these caves have drawn the serious attention of archeologists and historians worldwide. A telescope installed nearby offers a panoramic view of the surroundings.
Banasura Sagar Dam is the largest earth dam in India. An interesting feature is a set of islands formed when the reservoir submerged the surrounding areas.
The sanctuary is very rich in flora and fauna. The management lays emphasis on scientific conservation with due consideration for the general lifestyle of the tribal and others who live in and around the forest region. The vegetation is predominantly moist deciduous forest with small stretches of swamps, teak forests, bamboo and tall grass. Amidst such fertile and varied flora, this region hosts several rare herbs and medicinal plants. It has been declared a Project Elephant site.
Pookkod Lake The perennial fresh water Pookkod Lake, nestled among wooded hills, is a one of its kind in Kerala. Evergreen forests and rolling hills envelope the lake. It has been developed as a recreational centre having boating facilities, children’s park, fresh water aquarium etc.
Pakshipathalam located deep within the forest at an altitude of more than 1700 meters is a formation of large boulders, some as tall as two storied buildings. The deep caves found here are home to a wide variety of birds, animals and distinctive species of plants.
Kuruva island, the calm and peaceful 950 acres of uninhabited, evergreen forest on the tributaries of east bound river Kabani is an ideal picnic spot, far away from the disturbances of city life. The wooded land is a home to rare species of birds, orchids and herbs.
The memorial of ‘The lion of Kerala’ – Veera Pazhassi Rajah’s tomb is situated at Mananthavady. The Pulpally cave where the Rajah took refuge until the British captured him. He was downed in a ferocious encounter that took place at Mavilanthode in the last days of 1805. Pazhassi’s tomb marks the point where he was cremated. Pazhassi museum is located nearby where a sword, which is believed to be of Pazhassi’s era, is kept.
Wayanad Heritage Museum is home to an interesting collection of artefacts that shed light on the history, culture and heritage of Wayanad region. This is one of the best-maintained museums of Kerala’s Malabar region. The museum has a fine collection of 14th – 16th century sculptures, tribal artefacts, which include weapons, hunting and fishing equipments, farming implements etc. There are variousexhibits on display here, amongst which are sculptures and the figure of Nandi and other deities, which were collected from parts of the region that date back to the 14th to the 16th centuries AD. A series of pictorial rock edicts referred to as Hero Stones, memorialize a bygone age of valiant warriors. There is a fine figure of the Goddess of fertility, Urvara, also displayed here. Remnants of Stone Age tools and pottery found within the cellars of Muniyara are also displayed here.
Phantom Rock named so because of its skull head shape is locally called Cheengeri Mala. It offers excellent photo opportunities.
Sunrise valley is a great place to watch the rising and setting sun amidst dramatic mountain scenery. It also offers a panoramic view of the valley beneath.